泛读 | 英国需要更多博士学位的芭蕾舞演员?

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Britain’s post-Brexit immigration rules worry business
Ballerina with a PhD Come on in你是有博士学位的芭蕾舞女演员欢迎欢迎
BRITAIN NEEDSmore ballerinas, biochemists and welders —but only “high integrity pipe welders” with at least three years’ experience. These are among the occupations which appear on the official “shortage occupation list” (SOL), which is central to the government’s planned new immigration rules.
The new system will treat migrants equally, regardless of where they hail from. Europeans will no longer benefit from freedom of movement, but the bar to entry from the rest of the world will fall: prospective migrants will require the equivalent of A-levels, not degrees.
General Certificate of Education Advanced Level ,英国高中课程,是英国全民课程体系,是英国普通中等教育证书考试高级水平课程,也是英国学生的大学入学考试课程。
The government claims it will let in more talented folks while reducing total numbers. The plan was billed as a “points-based system”, but it is not as flexible as that implies. Most migrants will need to speak English and have a job offer with a prospective salary of more than £25,600 ($33,245).
Exceptions to the threshold will only be made for brainiacs withPhDs and those with jobs on theSOL. English-speaking ballerinas with a doctorate are in luck. Firms have welcomed the removal of a cap on migrant numbers, the opening up of routes for skilled workers and the lowering of the £30,000 salary threshold initially mooted.
But they fret about shortages in some industries. The unemployment rate is just 3.8% and there are more than 800,000 unfilled job vacancies in Britain. Firms worry about cutting off the flow of lower-skilled European migrants at a time of what looks like full employment.
A recent report by TheUKin a Changing Europe, a think-tank, estimated that the combination of nixing freedom of movement and adopting a relatively liberal scheme for skilled workers would cut overall net migration by only around 35,000, from the current 212,000.
Work by the government’s own Migration Advisory Committee (MAC) found that the new rules would slightly reduce overallGDPbut marginally increaseGDPper head.
Fewer unskilled workers might put some upward pressure on wages but the minimum wage, which is now the seventh highest out of the 27 members of theOECDthat have minimum wages, has more effect. Those who employ a lot of low-paidEUworkers are troubled.
TheIPPR, a think-tank, reckons that 66% of the currentEUworkers in health and social care and 85% in hotels and hospitality would be ineligible for visas under the new system. The government hopes to encourage British people back into the labour market to meet the need.
Priti Patel, the home secretary, argues that “we have over 8.45m people in theUKaged between 16 and 64 who are economically inactive”. But most of them are studying, retired, sick or looking after family. Only 1.9m say they want a job. Britain’s farmers are concerned for next year’s harvest.
Although the government announced that this year’s seasonal worker scheme will be expanded from 2,500 to 10,000 places, no commitment has been given for 2021. Picking soft fruits such as strawberries is tricky to automate.



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